Skip to content

The Pagan Roots of Modern Secular Holidays

As the seasons change and the Wheel of the Year turns, we find ourselves celebrating a myriad of holidays, both secular and spiritual. But have you ever stopped to wonder about the origins of these beloved traditions? Many of our modern holidays have deep roots in ancient pagan festivals. Below, we explore the fascinating connections between these celebrations as well as ideas to blend these celebrations together to create new and unique traditions for you and your loved ones.

Groundhog Day and Imbolc

Celebrated on February 2nd, Groundhog Day predicts the onset of spring based on a groundhog’s behavior. This modern tradition has its roots in the ancient Celtic festival of Imbolc, also celebrated in early February. Imbolc marks the halfway point between the winter solstice and the spring equinox and is considered a time of purification and preparation for the spring season.

  1. Candle Lighting: Imbolc often involves lighting candles to signify the return of light. Integrate this by lighting a candle for every week remaining until spring, as predicted by the groundhog.
  2. Nature Walk: Since both holidays relate to the onset of spring, a nature walk to observe early signs of spring could be a harmonious blend of both traditions.

Valentine’s Day and Lupercalia

Though the connection is not as direct, the Roman festival of Lupercalia, celebrated in mid-February, may have some influence on Valentine’s Day. Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture. The holiday involved various rituals to promote fertility and purification. Valentine’s Day, which focuses on love and relationships, falls around the same time and shares some thematic elements, though the modern holiday is far removed from Lupercalia’s practices.

  1. Fertility and Love Altar: Create an altar or centerpiece with symbols of love and fertility, like flowers and fruits.
  2. Blessing of Relationships: Incorporate a ritual where couples can bless their relationship for the year ahead, acknowledging both love and fertility.

Easter and Ostara

Ostara, celebrated on the vernal equinox, is a pagan festival that honors the goddess Eostre, who represents renewal and fertility. Symbols like eggs and hares, which are potent signs of fertility, were integral to Ostara celebrations. The Christian holiday of Easter, celebrated near the equinox, also incorporates eggs and hares (in the form of the Easter Bunny) into its festivities. Both holidays symbolize rebirth and new beginnings, though their stories and rituals differ.

  1. Sunrise Service: Both Ostara and Easter have themes of rebirth and renewal. A common practice for Ostara involves collecting morning dew or taking an early morning walk to welcome the new season. Combine this with an Easter sunrise service or your own version of a welcoming ceremony for the day.
  2. Storytelling: Ostara and Easter have different but thematically similar stories and myths associated with them. Share stories from both traditions, such as the story of the goddess Eostre turning a bird into a hare, and the Christian story of the resurrection.

May Day and Beltane

May Day, observed on May 1st, is often celebrated with activities like dancing around the maypole, a tradition with clear similarities to the pagan festival of Beltane. Also celebrated on May 1st, Beltane marks the onset of the warm season and is a festival of fertility. Both holidays celebrate the Earth’s vitality and encourage the participation of the community through dance, music, and feasting.

  1. Maypole and Fire: Dance around a Maypole but also incorporate Beltane’s tradition of jumping over a small fire for good luck.
  2. Herb and Flower Crowns: Crown each other with garlands of flowers and herbs to celebrate nature’s fertility.

Midsummer’s Day and Litha

In various European countries, Midsummer’s Day is still celebrated and has roots in the pagan festival of Litha, which marks the summer solstice. Both celebrate the peak of summer, often with bonfires, feasting, and rituals to honor the sun.

  1. Sunrise Ceremony: Begin the day with a sunrise ceremony honoring Litha and spend the day in traditional Midsummer celebrations.
  2. Bonfire Stories: Share folklore and stories of sun gods and goddesses around the bonfire.

Halloween and Samhain

Samhain, celebrated from October 31st to November 1st, is a pagan festival that marks the end of the harvest season and prepares for the coming winter. It’s believed that the veil between the living and the dead is thinnest during Samhain, making it a time for honoring ancestors and seeking spiritual insights. Halloween, or All Hallows’ Eve, shares some similarities, particularly the focus on the supernatural, though it has evolved into a more secular celebration.

  1. Ancestor Altar: Build an ancestor altar where you also place modern Halloween elements like pumpkins and decorative ghouls.
  2. Spiritual Divination: Combine Samhain’s spiritual divination techniques with Halloween’s fun fortune-telling games.

Thanksgiving and Mabon

While Thanksgiving is a distinctly American holiday, its focus on gratitude and celebrating the harvest has parallels with Mabon, the pagan Autumn Equinox festival. Both holidays are times to give thanks for the Earth’s bounty, gather with loved ones, and prepare for the winter season. Foods like pumpkins, apples, and root vegetables are staples in both Mabon and Thanksgiving celebrations.

  1. Harvest Altar: Create an altar with cornucopias filled with seasonal produce to represent both holidays.
  2. Gratitude Ritual: Before the meal, have each person share something they’re thankful for, tying in Thanksgiving’s focus on gratitude and Mabon’s reflection on the harvest.

Christmas and Yule

Yule is an ancient winter festival that was originally celebrated by the Germanic peoples to mark the winter solstice. As the days began to lengthen, people rejoiced in the rebirth of the sun. This celebration involved various rituals, such as decorating Yule logs and trees—symbols of enduring life during the darkest days. Over time, many Yule traditions were integrated into modern Christmas celebrations. The Yule tree evolved into the Christmas tree, and the concept of celebrating the sun’s rebirth has echoes in the Christian celebration of Jesus’ birth.

  1. Yule Log and Tree: Incorporate the Yule log tradition into your Christmas festivities by burning a Yule log in the fireplace.
  2. Solstice Sunrise: Observe the sunrise on the Winter Solstice, followed by traditional Christmas celebrations.

New Year’s Celebrations

While the modern New Year’s celebration doesn’t correspond to any specific pagan festival, the concept of ending one cycle and beginning another is universal. Various pagan traditions have their own end-of-year festivals, celebrating the death and rebirth of the year, a theme that resonates with modern New Year’s celebrations.

  1. Wheel of the Year: As the clock strikes midnight, honor the pagan concept of cyclical time by celebrating with a Wheel of the Year representation.
  2. Release and Renew: Write down what you wish to leave behind in the old year and burn it, and then write your intentions for the New Year.


By acknowledging the pagan origins or similarities of these holidays, we can deepen our connection to the cycle of the year and the natural world. Whether you’re celebrating Christmas or Yule, Easter or Ostara, understanding the historical context can enrich your celebration and deepen your connection to these time-honored traditions.