Skip to content

Divine Deities

Deities can provide profound insights, wisdom, and guidance, helping us navigate through life. Working with deities can amplify the energies within rituals and spells, making them more potent and effective, especially if you do your research on who can help you with the intention of your work.

Interaction with deities can lead to enhanced spiritual awareness, personal growth, and enlightenment. Deities can offer protection, support, and strength in times of need, danger, or vulnerability.

Different deities represent various aspects of life, nature, and the cosmos. There is a risk of misunderstanding or misrepresenting deities, especially when extracted from their cultural and historical context, leading to disrespectful or inappropriate practices.

Appropriation of deities from cultures without proper respect and understanding can lead to ethical concerns and unintentional harm to those cultures. Working with powerful entities can sometimes yield unexpected and unintended outcomes, which might not align with one’s desires or well-being.

Building relationships with deities often requires commitment, regular engagement, and responsibility, which can be demanding and time-consuming.

Working with deities in your practice can be profoundly rewarding and transformative, offering new insights, empowerment, and connections to ancient wisdom. We’ll take a brief moment to look at the surface of a few more popularly known deities and some ways you could honor them.

The Triple Goddess Deities: Maiden, Mother, Crone

The Triple Goddess is an archetype representing the three phases of a woman’s life.

Commonly, The Triple Goddess is associated with Artemis, Selene, and Hecate.

Artemis, The Maiden (Waxing Moon): Symbolizing youth, new beginnings, and potential.
Selene, The Mother (Full Moon): Representing fertility, nurturing, and stability.
Hecate, The Crone (Waning Moon): Associated with wisdom, endings, and introspection.

Artemis

Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt, wilderness, moon, and wild animals. Depicted often with her bow and arrow as a patroness of the natural world and protector of the young. She embodies both the nurturing and destructive aspects of nature.

When creating an altar to honor and connect with Artemis, consider including representations of the moon, such as moonstones or other moon imagery. I use an oracle card showing the waxing moon when honoring the goddess.

Fresh fruits or flowers, leaves, acorns, and pinecones all connect her to the forest and wilderness. Bow and arrow imagery is a given, of course, and would pair nicely with silver or white candles.

Figures or images of deer, dogs, or other wild animals honor her role as the protector of animals. Scents associated with the forest, such as pine or cedar, can be used as well.

By including these elements on an altar, you invoke the empowering, protective, and nurturing energies of Artemis, seeking her guidance in independence, nature connection, and self-reliance. Be mindful to approach Artemis with respect, recognizing her independence and fierceness.

Selene

Selene is from Greek mythology, regarded as the personification of the Moon itself. She is a beautiful woman, riding a chariot drawn by two horses, illuminating the night with her radiant glow.

The ancient Titan goddess of the moon must be approached with a sense of reverence and respect for her celestial authority. Conducting rituals or meditations during the full moon or at night when the moon is visible can help forge a stronger connection.

Silver and white objects symbolize the moon’s color and Selene’s purity and can include candles, cloth, or bowls. Moonstone, selenite, and clear quartz are particularly resonant with lunar energy and are suitable for honoring Selene.

White flowers like jasmine or gardenia, fragrances like jasmine, sandalwood, or myrrh can be burned as pleasing offerings. You might also include representations of the night, like nocturnal animals or stars, and water, due to the Moon’s association with tides.

Engaging in moonlit meditation, lunar rituals, or simply basking in the moonlight, especially during the Full Moon, are also ways to connect with and honor Selene’s energy.

Hecate

Hecate, associated with the moon, magic, witchcraft, the underworld, and crossroads. Portrayed holding torches or keys, standing at the crossroads between life and death. She’s a protector of witches, guiding their craft. Hecate is also the goddess of the night, moon, and ghosts.

To honor Hecate, one can create an altar with “Hecate’s Supper”, however I only recommend advanced and knowledgeable witches use food on an altar, to avoid luring fae to your home. Another time we may discuss fae/fairies, if our readers desire to learn more.

Candles, particularly black, red, or white, can also be lit in her honor. Invoking her during rites of magic and witchcraft can also be powerful. You might include items such as keys, symbolizing access to understanding and unlocking mysteries. Pomegranate imagery or fruit symbolizes her connection with the underworld.

Crafting such an altar can serve to deepen the connection to Hecate’s wisdom and power, aiding practitioners in their magical and spiritual endeavors. Always approach Hecate with respect, recognizing her as one of the most potent and wise deities.

The Celtic Deities

Cernunnos

Representing the male energies of the natural world, Cernunnos is often revered in various traditions as a horned god. He embodies virility, nature, animals, and the life cycle. He’s often paired with the Triple Goddess in traditions that honor both male and female deities.

Create a nature-based altar featuring representations of antlers, acorns and oak leaves. Additionally, placing coins or images of wealth can invoke his aspect as the giver of prosperity and abundance.

Acts of kindness and protection toward animals and the environment are also ways of honoring Cernunnos’ energy and presence. Acknowledging him in celebrations related to the cycles of the seasons, especially during Beltane, can also strengthen one’s connection to him.

Devotees can seek Cernunnos’s blessings for abundance, fertility, and a harmonious relationship with nature and its creatures. The presence of Cernunnos on an altar can serve as a powerful reminder of the cyclical nature of life, death, and rebirth.

Brigid

A beloved deity of the Celts, Brigid’s sphere of influence is vast, including healing waters, poetry, smithing, and childbirth. With the Christianization of Ireland, her legend transitioned into Saint Brigid, yet her pagan roots remain strong in witchcraft.

Associated with healing, poetry, smithcraft, and the hearth; she embodies the element of fire. Brigid is especially honored during Imbolc, a Sabbat celebrating the first stirrings of spring.

When one is constructing an altar to honor Brigid and strengthen their connection to her, it’s fitting to include items like white candles, a Brigid’s cross, and perhaps a small anvil or representation of a forge, indicating her connection to smithcraft.

Devotees might also seek to honor her through acts of creativity, like crafting, writing, and other expressive arts, or through efforts in healing and nurturing.

The Morrigan

A shape-shifting goddess who could take the form of a crow or raven, The Morrigan is often associated with war, fate, and sovereignty. She’s honored and feared for her power over life and death. Sometimes referred to as the “Phantom Queen” or the “Great Queen”, she is invoked for strength, transformation, and guidance in overcoming obstacles.

Set up an altar with dark feathers, symbols of the crow or raven, spears, and horses. Natural elements like earth and stones are appropriate, and images or statues depicting sovereignty, such as crowns, can be included.

When invoking The Morrigan, seek to strengthen your will, embrace transformation, and gain insight into the mysteries of fate and destiny.

Acknowledging her during times of strife, engaging in introspective practices to understand life, death, and transformation, and practicing empowerment and sovereignty in one’s life are ways to connect with The Morrigan’s energies.

Egyptian Deities

Isis

Isis is worshipped as the ideal mother and wife, as well as the patroness of nature and magic. Her resilience and magical abilities are legendary, especially her power to resurrect her husband, Osiris. Isis is a protector of the dead and is said to possess great magical skills, such as the power to give life to the dead.

To honor Isis, create an altar incorporating her symbols like the ankh, to represent life, the scarab, to represent rebirth and regeneration, the tyet, representing protection, or images of a throne. Offerings such as fresh flowers, or blue and gold items, and incense-like myrrh or frankincense can be burned to honor Isis.

A depiction or statue of Isis herself can also be a central focus, symbolizing her overarching presence and protection. Engage in rituals and practices focused on healing, protection, fertility, and magic, seeking her guidance and blessings in these domains.

Anubis

Anubis is the god who oversees mummification and guides souls in the afterlife.

To honor Anubis, an altar may be adorned with his symbols, such as images or statues of jackals, ankh symbols, or scales. Incorporating feathers can represent the weighing of the heart ceremony that Anubis oversees.

Since Anubis is closely linked to the transition from life to death, using candles or lamps to symbolize guiding light in darkness can also be very appropriate.

Creating an altar to Anubis can offer a focused way to connect with themes of death, transition, protection, and divine judgment in their spiritual journey.

Sekhmet

Sekhmet is often depicted as a lioness, symbolizing her fierce and protective nature. The goddess of war, destruction, healing, and plagues. In modern witchcraft and pagan traditions, Sekhmet is invoked for empowerment, protection, and healing and is often worked with by those seeking strength and transformation.

For an altar, symbols of lions or lionesses, to represent her fierce and protective nature, can be a central element on the altar. Objects related to healing and transformation, such as crystals known for these properties like malachite or carnelian, are suitable.

In association with the sun, fiery, warm colors like red, gold, and orange can be used to decorate the altar. Candles, particularly in these colors, can symbolize her fiery and transformative energy.

Greek Deities

Artemis, Selene, and Hecate also fall into this category, but here are other popular and commonly known deities.

Hades

Hades, the ruler of the Underworld, is associated with the afterlife, death, and the unseen.

For Hades, create an altar featuring representations of his symbols, like a key or a depiction of Cerberus. By including imagery of pomegranates, you are symbolizing his connection to his wife, Persephone. Designating a place for coins will honor and represent Charon, the ferryman in the Underworld.

People might seek a connection with Hades to understand and accept mortality, seek knowledge of the afterlife, or tap into the hidden wealth of the subconscious and the earth.

It’s essential to approach Hades with respect and reverence, recognizing the gravity of his domain and the mysteries it holds. Offerings such as black stones, like obsidian or onyx, can be powerful symbols of the underworld and could be placed on the altar as well. Incense with earthy scents, such as patchouli or myrrh, can also enhance the spiritual atmosphere and act as offerings.

In terms of rituals and prayers, one might focus on themes of transformation, letting go, or embracing hidden knowledge. Remember, Hades is not just a god of death but also a god of the wealth found beneath the earth’s surface. You could, therefore, include small pieces of metal or gemstone as offerings of gratitude and recognition of his dual nature. Speak to Hades as you would any deity—with politeness, a clear intention, and an open heart. Rituals could be performed during the waning moon, a time traditionally associated with introspection and the shedding of old habits or beliefs.

Persephone

Persephone embodies duality as the goddess of spring’s bounty and the queen of the Underworld. She represents cycles, transformation, rebirth, and the delicate balance between light and dark.

Adorn your altar with elements representing her dual nature. Spring flowers, seeds, and imagery of pomegranates can symbolize her role in growth and fertility. Imagery or statues depicting Persephone in her varying forms, both as the radiant maiden of spring and the solemn queen of the Underworld, are fitting representations.

For her role as the Queen of the Underworld, incorporate skulls, bones, or black candles; you may use green or pink candles when representing her spring duties. When honoring Persephone, an understanding and acknowledgment of her dual nature as a symbol of both life and death are crucial.

Aphrodite

Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. Known to have emerged from the sea foam and depicted as enchantingly beautiful and eternally youthful. She symbolizes the transformative power of love and the beauty inherent in all of creation.

In witchcraft and modern pagan practices, Aphrodite is often invoked for spells and rituals related to love, beauty, and fertility.

Choose items for your altar that symbolize love, beauty, and the sea, given her origins. Seashells, pearls, pink and red candles, roses, and other symbols of love and passion can invoke her essence and please her. Mirrors and combs can be included, as they symbolize beauty and vanity.

Fragrances such as rose or myrtle are also favored by Aphrodite, so incorporating these scents through incense, oils, or fresh flowers can be especially potent.

Invoking Aphrodite might involve rituals and spells aimed at fostering love—be it self-love or love for others—and enhancing beauty and allure. When working with Aphrodite, an open heart and a willingness to explore the different facets of love are essential.

Demeter

Goddess of the harvest and agriculture, presiding over grains and the fertility of the earth. She is deeply associated with the cycles of life and death, renewal and growth, and is the nourisher of youth and the green earth.

Incorporate elements on your altar symbolizing the earth and the harvest. Fresh flowers and plants, particularly poppies, hold significance to her and can be used to adorn the altar, symbolizing the flourishing and fertility of the earth. Common colors to use would be green and gold, to represent the vitality and abundance of the earth.

Engaging with Demeter can bring one closer to the rhythms of the earth, granting an appreciation for the cycles of growth and decay, and fostering a sense of abundance and nourishment in their spiritual practice.

Norse Deities

Freyja

Freyja rules over love, beauty, fertility, and a form of Norse magic known as Seiðr. She’s also associated with war, death, and gold, making her a multifaceted deity within the Norse pantheon.

Representations of cats (her sacred animal), jewelry, fresh red and pink flowers, or falcon feathers (to honor her connection to the Valkyries) can be added to an altar to honor her. In recognition of her warrior aspect, small weapons or shields may be included. Additionally, Freyja’s association with gold can be symbolized through gold-colored items or actual gold if possible.

Engaging in practices that celebrate love, beauty, and abundance, or exploring magical and spiritual studies, especially those related to love and fertility, are also ways to honor and connect with Freyja’s energies.

Odin

Odin is a chief deity in Norse mythology, associated with wisdom, poetry, healing, death, royal power, poetry, and war. He is a god of complex and varied characteristics, known for his quest for knowledge and wisdom and willing to pay a high price for these pursuits, including sacrificing one of his eyes at Mímir’s well.

To honor him, use a symbol called the Valknut, consisting of three interlocked triangles. Ravens are also significant to Odin, as his two ravens, Huginn (thought) and Muninn (memory), travel the world to bring news to him.

Runes can be a meaningful addition to the altar, representing his wisdom and knowledge in divination and magic. Lighting candles and incense like dragon’s blood or mugwort can also be used when honoring him.

By creating a thoughtful and representative sacred space, you can honor and connect with Odin’s energy, seeking his guidance, wisdom, and transformative power within their spiritual journey.

Loki

Loki, a significant figure in Norse mythology, is known as the trickster god. Honoring Loki may involve embracing aspects of change, transformation, and even chaos in one’s life.

An altar for Loki might feature symbols like a serpent, or representations of fire. Offerings could include items that represent change or transformation. Acknowledging Loki’s fluid and chaotic nature and respecting his cunning and deceptive abilities are also ways to honor and understand his character.

Keep in mind that Loki can be unpredictable, given his nature, so keep an open and respectful mindset when honoring him on your altar.

Conclusion

The rich tapestry of witchcraft is interwoven with the legends, myths, and energies of these deities and many more. Understanding them offers a deeper appreciation of the craft’s global and historical dimensions. Whether one chooses to honor these deities or merely acknowledge their stories, their influence on the world of witchcraft is undeniable.