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Crystals 101: A Complete Guide

Crystals have been used for various purposes throughout history, from spiritual practices to alternative healing therapies. They are believed to possess distinct energies that can aid in manifesting intentions, enhancing meditation, and promoting overall well-being.

This ‘Crystals 101’ guide is designed to help you understand how to select, cleanse, charge, and use crystals for various purposes.

Preparation Steps

1. Choosing the Right Crystal
  • Purpose: Determine why you want to use a crystal. For instance, amethyst is commonly used for spiritual growth, while rose quartz is associated with love and emotional healing. See the Appendix below for a list of crystals.
  • Intuition: Sometimes, your gut feeling may guide you to the perfect crystal. Trust your intuition when choosing.
  • Physical Characteristics: The size, color, and shape can also be factors in your decision.
2. Cleansing the Crystal

Before using a new crystal, it’s essential to cleanse it to remove any lingering energies.

  • Smudging: Use sage, palo santo, or other herbs to smudge the crystal.
  • Running Water: Hold the crystal under running water for a few minutes.
  • Saltwater Bath: Soak the crystal in saltwater for several hours.

Note: Some crystals like selenite are sensitive to water. Make sure to research your specific crystal’s properties.

3. Charging the Crystal
  • Sunlight/Moonlight: Place the crystal outside to soak up natural light. Some prefer the energy of the moon, especially during a full moon.
  • Reiki or Hands-On Energy: Infuse the crystal with your energy by holding it in your hands and focusing your intentions.

Main Process

Programming the Crystal

Once your crystal is cleansed and charged, it’s time to program it with your specific intentions.

  1. Hold the Crystal: Keep the crystal in your dominant hand or both hands.
  2. Deep Breaths: Take deep, calming breaths to center yourself.
  3. State Intention: Clearly articulate what you want the crystal to help you with. Visualize your intention being absorbed by the crystal.
Using the Crystal
  1. Meditation: Hold your programmed crystal during meditation to amplify your practice.
  2. Crystal Grids: Arrange multiple crystals in specific geometric patterns to enhance their collective energy.
  3. Wearing: Use the crystal as jewelry to keep its energy close.
  4. Placement: Keep the crystal in specific areas of your home, office, or car.
  5. Water Infusion: Place the crystal in a glass of water to create an “elixir” (ensure the crystal is safe for water immersion).

Troubleshooting Tips

  1. No Results: If you feel like your crystal isn’t working, try re-cleansing and re-programming it.
  2. Energy Drain: Some people feel drained when using certain crystals. In such cases, you may need to choose a different type or limit exposure.
  3. Compatibility: Not all crystals work well together. Do your research or consult an expert when combining crystals.
  4. Physical Changes: If your crystal starts to fade, crack, or change in any way, it might be due to the energy work it’s performing or a need for recharging.

Recommended Reading

For Beginners

  1. The Crystal Bible” by Judy Hall: A comprehensive A-to-Z guide listing the properties of various crystals.
  2. Crystals for Beginners: The Guide to Get Started with the Healing Power of Crystals” by Karen Frazier: Great for those just starting out with crystals. It focuses on how to use crystals for healing and balance.

For Healing

  1. The Book of Stones: Who They Are and What They Teach” by Robert Simmons & Naisha Ahsian: This book provides an in-depth look at the healing aspects of various crystals.
  2. Crystal Healing for the Heart: Gemstone Therapy for Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-Being” by Nicholas Pearson: A specialized book focusing on how crystals can affect the emotional and physical aspects of the heart.

For Spiritual Growth

  1. The Seven Secrets of Crystal Talismans: How to Use Their Power for Attraction, Protection & Transformation” by Henry M. Mason: This book delves into the mystical and spiritual aspects of crystals.
  2. Crystal Grids: How and Why They Work” by Hibiscus Moon: An advanced guide for those interested in creating crystal grids for specific intentions.

These books offer a variety of approaches, from the practical to the metaphysical, and reading multiple perspectives can provide a more well-rounded understanding of how to use and benefit from crystals.


Here’s an alphabetized list of common crystals with corresponding chakras, elements, zodiac signs, effects, and spells:


  • Chakra: Crown, Third Eye
  • Element: Air, Spirit
  • Zodiac Sign: Pisces, Virgo, Aquarius
  • Effects: Enhances intuition, fosters calmness.
  • Spells: Spiritual Awakening, Stress Relief


  • Chakra: Heart
  • Element: Earth
  • Zodiac Sign: Virgo
  • Effects: Promotes luck, enhances well-being.
  • Spells: Luck, Well-Being

Black Tourmaline

  • Chakra: Root
  • Element: Earth
  • Zodiac Sign: Capricorn
  • Effects: Protective, grounding.
  • Spells: Protection, Negativity Removal


  • Chakra: Sacral
  • Element: Fire
  • Zodiac Sign: Cancer, Leo
  • Effects: Boosts courage, promotes vitality.
  • Spells: Courage, Vitality Boost


  • Chakra: Solar Plexus
  • Element: Air, Fire
  • Zodiac Sign: Gemini, Aries, Libra
  • Effects: Boosts creativity, attracts abundance.
  • Spells: Money Attraction, Creativity Boost

Clear Quartz

  • Chakra: Crown
  • Element: All
  • Zodiac Sign: All
  • Effects: Amplifies energies, brings clarity.
  • Spells: Energy Amplification, Clearing Blockages


  • Chakra: Heart, Throat
  • Element: Air, Water
  • Zodiac Sign: Capricorn, Pisces
  • Effects: Enhances mental clarity, protective.
  • Spells: Mental Clarity, Psychic Protection


  • Chakra: Root
  • Element: Earth
  • Zodiac Sign: Aries, Aquarius
  • Effects: Grounding, fosters concentration.
  • Spells: Grounding, Concentration


  • Chakra: Third Eye, Throat
  • Element: Water
  • Zodiac Sign: Scorpio, Leo
  • Effects: Enhances intuition, aids transformation.
  • Spells: Transformation, Intuition

Lapis Lazuli

  • Chakra: Throat, Third Eye
  • Element: Water
  • Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius, Libra
  • Effects: Promotes wisdom, encourages truth.
  • Spells: Wisdom, Truth


  • Chakra: Crown, Third Eye
  • Element: Water
  • Zodiac Sign: Cancer, Libra
  • Effects: Enhances intuition, promotes emotional balance.
  • Spells: Intuition, Emotional Balance


  • Chakra: Root
  • Element: Earth, Fire
  • Zodiac Sign: Scorpio, Sagittarius
  • Effects: Psychic protection, grounding.
  • Spells: Psychic Protection, Grounding

Rose Quartz

  • Chakra: Heart
  • Element: Earth, Water
  • Zodiac Sign: Taurus, Libra
  • Effects: Encourages love and emotional healing.
  • Spells: Love Attraction, Emotional Healing


  • Chakra: Crown
  • Element: Air, Spirit
  • Zodiac Sign: Taurus
  • Effects: Spiritual connection, tranquility.
  • Spells: Spiritual Awakening, Peace

Smoky Quartz

  • Chakra: Root
  • Element: Earth
  • Zodiac Sign: Scorpio, Capricorn
  • Effects: Grounding, stress relief.
  • Spells: Grounding, Stress Relief

Tiger’s Eye

  • Chakra: Solar Plexus, Root
  • Element: Fire, Earth
  • Zodiac Sign: Capricorn, Leo
  • Effects: Promotes courage, enhances personal power.
  • Spells: Courage, Personal Empowerment


  • Chakra: Throat
  • Element: Earth, Air
  • Zodiac Sign: Sagittarius, Pisces
  • Effects: Protective, enhances communication.
  • Spells: Protection, Communication

This list is by no means exhaustive but should give you a good starting point for understanding what each crystal is commonly used for.